A bevy of issues amounted khổng lồ below-average yields for most tuyệt producers in East and Central Texas, according lớn Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service experts.

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A map of the 12 Texas A&M AgriLife Extension districts.

CENTRAL

Conditions were extremely dry throughout most counties. Triple-digit temperatures increased evapotranspiration in all plant life. Trees were stressed, & any plant not being watered suffered. Some areas received some rainfall, but not enough to lớn turn conditions around. Williamson County reported trace amounts up to 1.5 inches of rain, but most areas received only light rainfall. Irrigated crops looked good. Most native dryl& pecan orchards were dropping nuts due khổng lồ drought bao tay.Proper & timely management of some pastures allowed them khổng lồ stay productive despite the heat. Some hay fields greened up, but growth was slow. Cotton was being defoliated, và bolls were open for harvest. Some cốt tông fields were being harvested, & average yields were expected. Stoông xã tanks were getting low.Corn and sorghum harvests were nearly completed. Some farmers were plowing corn fields. Nearly all counties reported very short soil moisture và poor overall rangeland và pasture conditions. Livestochồng conditions were fair lớn poor.

ROLLING PLAINS

Conditions were favorable for producers as most areas received beneficial rains. Cotton continued khổng lồ progress in fair to good condition and began setting bolls. Wheat producers continued preparing fields for planting. Pasture và rangelands improved with recent moisture. Cattle were being supplemented with minerals and xuất xắc in areas where forages were in short supply.

COASTAL BEND

Hot, dry & humid conditions continued. Fieldwork continued, mostly disking. Good crop production reports were received for all crops. Cotton yields were two to three bales per acre with some reports of four bales per acre. Most cotton acres were harvested, though a few fields had yet lớn be defoliated. Gin yards were filling rapidly. Rice harvest was nearing completion. Although tốt pastures were parched, production continued with a second cutting, & some producers were fertilizing for a third cutting. Rangel& and pasture conditions continued to decline with hot and dry weather. Livestochồng were in fair to good condition in most areas.

EAST

Most of the district did not report rains from Hurricane Laura. Many areas were looking forward khổng lồ relief from drought. Shelby County reported high winds and rain. Damage lớn their power grid caused a loss of power during and after the storm for hours và days for some. Sabine County reported as much as 6 inches of rain. They also had destructive sầu winds that caused damage khổng lồ many barns. Pond levels were low và showing signs of low-chất lượng water. Pasture và rangeland conditions were good overall. Subsoil and topsoil conditions were adequate. Hay và vegetable production slowed. Livestoông xã were fair khổng lồ good. Horn flies were very active sầu. There were reports of armyworms và Bermuda grass stem maggots. Wild pigs continued lớn damage pasture and tuyệt meadows.

SOUTH PLAINS

Dry conditions continued. Cotton finished setting bolls. Producers started lớn reduce irrigation as most plants were mature. Several producers were busy harvesting corn this past week. Sorghum is starting to color well. Pumpkins were doing well và continued to mature. Cattle were in good condition with supplemental feeding.

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PANHANDLE

Spotty showers delivered moisture to a few areas. Northwestern parts of the district reported adequate topsoil và subsoil moisture. Pastures & rangelands were in good to fair condition. Corn conditions were good lớn fair. Cotton was in good to fair condition, & sorghum conditions were good. Soybeans were in good khổng lồ excellent condition. The northeastern corner of the district was very dry with very poor crop, pasture và rangelvà conditions. Soil moisture levels were short to very short in the central Panhandle, và very short in southern areas. Peanuts were in good lớn fair condition.

NORTH

Topsoil moisture throughout the district ranged from very short lớn adequate. Temperatures were in the upper 90s with sporadic rain. Temperature highs were in the 80s a few days. Most areas received some rainfall from Hurricane Laura, with trace amounts to lớn 2.5 inches reported. Corn was still being harvested but nearly complete. Soybeans that received rain were doing well. Soybeans & cotton in areas that missed rains were struggling. Livestoông chồng were in good condition. Spring-born calves were looking good as weaning season approaches. Summer pastures that received rainfall looked good, but drier areas were starting khổng lồ show signs of drought. Armyworms continued to lớn be a problem in some areas.

FAR WEST

Daytime temperature highs reached beyond 100 degrees, with low temperatures in the mid-60s. Only trace amounts of rain were reported. Reservoirs were not being recharged, which could be devastating for irrigation during the next growing season. Dry conditions increased the threat and concern for large wildfires. Corn và sorghum harvests finished. Cotton bolls were opening at a relatively rapid pace. Irrigated cotton made a good stvà and has had plenty of heat units. Drylvà cotton that survived was burning up. Harvest should begin soon. Despite the dry conditions, cattle were still in good overall condition. A few producers were preparing khổng lồ calve sầu. Pecan orchards looked very good, although root knot nematodes were found in an orchard.

WEST CENTRAL

Conditions continued khổng lồ be hot & dry. Dryland cotton was basically done, & irrigated fields were nearing the cutout stage. Grain sorghum và corn was harvested. Pastures were dry. Some livestoông chồng producers started selling calves and other livestock. Livestoông xã were in fair condition.

SOUTHEAST

Most people & producers were preparing for the hurricane. Rice producers harvested as fast as possible. Fortunately, the hurricane did not hit, và rice that was not harvested made it. The harvest was expected to lớn continue as soon as possible. Grimes County remained dry và drought conditions increased. Rangel& and pasture ratings were excellent lớn very poor with fair being the most comtháng rating. Soil moisture levels ranged from adequate khổng lồ very short with short levels being most comtháng.

SOUTHWEST

High temperaturescontinued in the triple digits.Fire dangerincreased due todrought conditions.Kendall County reported water levels in streams,ponds và water wells were dropping.Pasture và rangel& conditions were decliningwith the lachồng of moisture.Corn and grain sorghum harvests were complete withreports ofaverage to good yields. Cotton harvest began.Livestockwereinfair to lớn good shapewithsupplemental feeding.Caldwell County reported a stable cattle marketwith sheep & goat prices remaining the same.Fall shearing continued.Wildlife were in good condition.

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SOUTH

Northern, eastern và western parts of the district reported hot conditions và short lớn very short soil moisture levels. Soil moisture levels were adequate khổng lồ short in southern areas. Daytime temperatures reached 100 degrees or more most days. Grain sorghum & corn harvests were completed, và cotton harvest was underway. Atascosa County reported 15% of cotton was harvested and roughly 15% of fields defoliated. Most other counties reported cotton fields were being harvested, being defoliated or nearly mature. Many cotton fields damaged by Hurricane Hanmãng cầu were being shredded & stalks were being pulled. Quality irrigated giỏi was cut và baled in Atascosa và Maveriông chồng counties. Oat producers with irrigation water were planting oats while dryl& producers were waiting for some moisture. Seedbed preparation continued for spinach, cabbage và onion plantings. Strawberry producers were planting early varieties. All crops were being irrigated. Moisture levels for fall vegetables were being managed. Pasture và rangelvà conditions ranged from good to lớn poor, and while some continued khổng lồ decline due lớn lachồng of moisture & hot temperatures, some were improving due to recent rains. Livestock in most areas required supplemental feed & water. Prickly pears were ripe and being cleared of thorns for livestochồng và wildlife. Ranchers were beginning lớn wean and sell spring calves, & whitetail bucks were finishing their antler growth cycle. Beef cattle conditions were good, but sale volumes were increasing as dry weather continued. Maverick County reported watermelon và cantaloupe harvest continued. Pecan orchards were in good condition & nut development was going well. Local ranchers were preparing for dove sầu season. Hay producers made a second cutting as prices ranged from $50-$65 per round bale. Ranchers continued to stochồng up on bales due to lớn conditions & in preparation for winter. Some sesame fields were being harvested, and some were being destroyed.